Department of Industry Innovation and Science

The fourth industrial revolution, also known as Industry 4.0, is affecting almost every industry worldwide. It is rapidly transforming how businesses operate.

Industry 4.0 uses transformative technologies to connect the physical world with the digital world. Current trends include:

  • advanced automation and robotics (including collaborative robots or ‘cobots’)
  • machine-to-machine and human-to-machine communication
  • artificial intelligence and machine learning
  • sensor technology and data analytics

Four key drivers enable this trend:

  • rising data volumes, computational power and connectivity
  • emerging analytics and business-intelligence capabilities
  • new forms of human-machine interaction, such as touch interfaces, augmented and virtual reality systems
  • improvements in transferring digital instructions to the physical world, such as robotics and 3D printing